Valium is a strong tranquilizer which has a broad action on the human body. It contains an active ingredient Diazepam.
The main effect of Valium is related to the reduction of the agitation of the central nervous system. Using the drug, a production of gamma-aminobutyric acid is increased. This is the main sedative neuromediator in the nervous system. The increase of its concentration leads to the therapeutic effects such as sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant.
Valium is used in both adult psychiatric practice, and in pediatrics especially in the treatment of:
- phobic disorders
- neurotic and neurosis-like states
- pruritic dermatoses
- emotional stress: anxiety, fear, anxiety, etc.
Valium reduces a night secretion of the gastric acid, and this may play an important role in prescribing it as a sedative and soporific product for patients with ulcerous stomach disease and duodenum ulcer.
A general sedative action has a positive influence on the heart rate. It becomes more stable and an excessive load on myocardium is decreased. Therefore, Valium is often prescribed in the treatment of severe forms of arrhythmia.
In what dose is Valium used?
The tablets of Valium are products in two doses – 10 mg and 5 mg. A dose is individual depending on diagnosis, sensitivity, patient’s age, and others.
Adult patients should begin taking Valium in the dose of 5 mg and increase the dose in 1-2 weeks. The maximal daily dose of Valium for adults is 20 mg per day. High doses of Valium may be divided into 3-4 times and taken with similar interval.
Children under 12 years old are prescribed Valium in the dose of 2,5-5 mg per day depending on an age of a child and intensity of the disease symptoms.
- the action of Valium grows during the simultaneous use of other sedative products and alcohol. Therefore, patients often have side effects due to non-observance of the recommendations for the use of sedative drugs. If you are taking Valium, do not take other drugs of the analogical action
- Valium is contraindicated during chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, myasthenia gravis, alcohol/drugs/medicines intoxication, glaucoma.Valium is contraindicated children under 1 year old and pregnant women
- If a woman has to take Valium during the lactation, it is reasonable to use bottle feeding
- Valium is excreted from the body by kidneys, and so if you have chronic diseases of kidneys, reduce the daily dose of Valium
Patientstakin Valium may face such side effects as lethargy and drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness, ataxia, deterioration of attention, slow motor responses.
If the action of Valium on the central nervous system is strong, try to reduce a daily dose. A dose reduction helps to reduce the side effects, and they completely pass during a long-term treatment.