Cipro is a trading name of the antibacterial drug ciprofloxacin. It helps to defeat bacteria in any part of the body and stop a severe infectious inflammatory process.
Cipro antibiotic may be used in the treatment of infections of ear, nose, throat, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, skin, kidney, urogenital infections, circulatory system, etc.. It quickly penetrates into the tissues and liquids and is accumulated in the centers of infection.
Unlike many antibiotics, Cipro does not influence on the good microflora of the human body, and therefore it may be used in the treatment and prevention of infections in patients with low immune status.
When a site of the pathogenic microflora is found, Cipro penetrates into their cells and begins to destruct the cell envelope. After the destruction of the cellular wall of microorganisms, they are not able to receive nutritious ingredients and grow. Therefore, they quickly die.
As Cipro penetrates into most tissues and organs, it is not accumulated there and is easily excreted from the body. Therefore, it does not cause an addiction and does not lose its efficiency even during the frequent use. Bacteria have a poor resistance to the antibiotic ciprofloxacin.
In what dose is Cipro used?
A dose of Cipro depends on site of infection, severity and patient’sage. Theoretically, a correct dose of the antibiotic may be chosen only after the microbiological blood test but the treatment is often started earlier in order to stop a progress of an infection. In this case, patients should stick to the standard recommendations:
- To treat infections of the gastro-intestinal tract, HENT-organs, respiratory tracts, urinary tracts, Cipro 500 mg is used every 12 hours within 7-14 days. If complicated infections of the gastro-intestinal tract, the treatment may take a month
- If gonococcal infections or other severe infectious processes, it is recommended to take Cipro 750 mg every 12 hours. A length of the therapy depends on the treatment results
The treatment is continued for 2 more days after the disappearance of the medical symptoms.
- Patients who have dysfunction of kidneys/liver, or are over 60 years old should take ½ of the daily dose
- If acute inflammatory disease of the large bowel, the use of Cipro is contraindicated
- Cipro is not prescribed patients under 18 years old, women during pregnancy and lactation to treat infections
- Patients suffering from epilepsy or severe organic diseases of the brain may take Cipro in the minimal dose, under doctor’s supervision, and only if there are no other alternatives
Dryness of the oral mucosa, nausea, decreased appetite, dizziness, diarrhea may occur within the first 2-3 days of the treatment. Then, these side effects pass.
The use of Cipro may also cause a formation of salts and stones in kidneys, and so take a lot of water during the use of the antibiotic.
If the use of Cipro causes the symptoms of the allergic reaction, stop the treatment right away and consult a doctor.